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Anaerobic digestion is the natural process in which microorganisms break down organic matter in the absence of air (an anaerobic environment). Anaerobic digestion creates usable products such as biogas and digested material.
Anaerobic digesters are built systems (lagoons or tanks) where anaerobic digestion takes place. Anaerobic digesters manage organic wastes, produce gas and digested materials, minimize odors, reduce pathogens, and reduce solid wastes. Anaerobic digesters are also called “anaerobic digestion systems”, “biodigesters” or simply “digesters”.
Co-digestion happens when more than one type of organic material is digested at the same time. Digesters are often built for a single purpose. For example, a farmer may build an anaerobic digester to handle cow manure. If the farmer also takes food waste from a local grocery store and puts the food waste in the digester along with the cow manure, it is called co-digestion.
Biogas is the gas produced when bacteria break down organic matter in the absence of oxygen. It is made up of mainly methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), with small amounts of water vapor, particulates, and other gasses, such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Biogas can be processed and used for a variety of energy needs, such as the generation of heat, power and fuel.
Inside an anaerobic digester, naturally occurring microorganisms grow in the tank’s oxygen-free environment and break down (digest) the organic matter. As the organic matter decomposes, biogas is created. Once established in a digester, microorganisms will continue to break down organic materials and release biogas in the right conditions. The microorganisms need a steady supply of feedstock and a comfortable environment - warm temperatures, neutral acidity and no oxygen.
Digested material is the solid and liquid material that remains at the end of the anaerobic digestion process. Digested material contains valuable nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) and organic carbon. Typically, raw digested material is processed into a wide variety of products like fertilizer, compost, soil amendments or animal bedding. Factors influencing what products are made include the makeup of the initial feedstocks and local markets. These co-products can be sold to agricultural, commercial and residential customers.
Many types of organic material can be used as feedstock to produce biogas. Animal manures, wastewater solids, food scraps, restaurant fats, oils, and greases, and by-products from food and beverage production are some commonly digested materials. An anaerobic digester may be built for a single material or a combination of them. However, the feedstocks must be properly controlled to ensure that the system remains healthy and functioning.
Yes, biogas is a renewable energy source. It is produced from natural resources that are replenished in short periods of time.
Yes, biogas can replace fossil fuels for the production of heat, power and fuel. With additional processing, biogas becomes renewable natural gas that can be used in the same place as fossil fuels.
Biogas is made up of methane and carbon dioxide, which are powerful greenhouse gases. Anaerobic digesters are designed to capture these gases so they do not escape to the atmosphere. In most cases, the feedstocks used in digesters would have released methane directly as they decomposed in lagoons or landfills. In addition, using biogas for heat or electricity means that less energy needs to be produced by power plants. This reduces the amount of carbon dioxide emitted to the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels.
Anaerobic digesters are usually built on sites that have a steady supply of organic materials and need energy or heat. Common examples include farms, water resource recovery facilities, food production facilities, and landfills. Also, stand-alone digesters can be built in a central location to accept organics from multiple businesses.
Landfill gas is a type of biogas. Both can be converted to renewable energy (electricity or fuel).
Biogas and natural gas have essentially the same components. But, the two gasses are obtained in different ways. Biogas is produced when readily available organic materials (e.g., manure or food waste) break down. Natural gas is produced when ancient plants, tiny sea animals, and other organic materials break down in hard to access locations. Usually, natural gas has to be extracted from underground reservoirs. Natural gas can also be derived from petroleum refining.
Biogas contains a small amount of hydrogen sulfide, which has a rotten-egg odor. However, anaerobic digesters are completely enclosed and biogas is not released directly to the air. Digesters are commonly installed at farms to reduce odors. What comes out of a digester after processing is much less odorous than the feedstocks that go into digesters.
A properly designed and operated system is very safe. Anaerobic digesters are designed to meet local and national codes for safety. However, they do produce methane and hydrogen sulfide. These gases both burn easily and are harmful to inhale, so it is essential to use proper gas-handling precautions. It is also important for plant operators to be well trained and follow established operational procedures
The Select Board votes each year whether or not to adopt the exemption. The amount of the exemption must also be voted by the Select Board and may be no more than 35% of the average residential value islandwide (ie., based on all residential properties in the residential class).
Homeowners may qualify for the exemption on their primary residence. For the purposes of this exemption, taxpayer shall be interpreted as the “owner of record” as recorded in the Registry of Deeds and principal residence is the address of the taxpayer as used by the taxpayer for income tax purposes.
The real estate must be owned and occupied as the taxpayer’s principal residence as of January 1 of the year preceding the fiscal year. For example, for the Fiscal Year 2023 (July 1, 2022 through June 30, 2023), the taxpayer must have owned and occupied the real estate as their principal residence as of January 1, 2022.
Once the Select Board has adopted the exemption and voted the percentage, the assessor determines the amount of value to be exempted from those qualifying parcels by calculating the following:
Each year, the Select Board has the option of enacting a residential exemption of up to 35% of the ‘average residential value’ on Nantucket for those property owners who maintain their ‘primary residence’ in the Town of Nantucket. Each qualified parcel will receive the same dollar amount of exemption value and that exemption amount is recalculated every year. A qualified parcel in any one year will have that year’s exemption amount subtracted from the total taxable value of the property, with the real estate tax then being calculated on the unexempted remaining value.
A ‘primary residence’ is defined as being owned and occupied year-round by the applicant and by filing a federal and Massachusetts state income tax return showing the Nantucket property as the primary residence for the qualifying year. This office requires a copy of the front page of the returns submitted. Income data and social security numbers may be blacked out, but the form must show the real estate address to which the application is being made. If a PO Box is used as the primary mailing address, we may require additional evidence supporting year-round ownership and occupancy. The Board of Assessors has sole authority to determine what other documentation is acceptable as proof of primary residence when no tax return has been filed for the required year and may require a written explanation as to why a tax return has not been filed.
The residential exemption, under state law, is enacted by the Select Board for one fiscal year only and must be voted on each fiscal year as part of the tax rate hearing process by the Select Board, both to accept the MGL Clause and to select the designated percentage of the exemption. There is no requirement under state law for qualified recipients of the exemption to re-apply every year.
The date of qualification is January 1 prior to the start of the then current fiscal year. In other words, the property owner must be a full-time resident, owning and occupying the property as their domicile as of January 1, and be able to prove it is their primary residence by submitting the prior year’s federal and state income tax returns.
Once qualified, the exemption is valid and under state statute applicants are not required to file a new application every year. Exemptions generally remain valid until circumstances change, for example the property is sold, the form of ownership changes, the applicant no longer resides at the property as their primary residence, the property is under construction (and therefore unable to support year-round occupancy), or the Select Board votes not to accept the residential exemption clause. This office actively reviews granted exemptions and periodically audits current exemptions for compliance with state law and Department of Revenue guidelines.
It should be noted that this office does not actively seek out applicants for the residential exemption, or any other exemption for that matter. Exemption from property tax in Massachusetts is considered a privilege, and not a matter of right, and therefore the burden is placed upon the taxpayer to present their case for exemption by filing an application.
The residential exemption is not unique to Nantucket, approximately 20 other communities in Massachusetts have adopted the residential exemption.
Sign-up for updates and more opportunities to get involved as we advance the Nantucket Coastal Resilience Plan.
Attend a Coastal Resilience Advisory Committee meeting, participate in one of the upcoming community engagement activities, or send us an email:
Vincent Murphy Natural Resources DepartmentCoastal Resilience CoordinatorEmail
Coastal flooding and erosion are as old as the island itself. These forces have shaped the island into the familiar form we see today. This constant and progressive shaping of land by water is now causing problems that are being quickened by sea level rise. This is threatening our island’s infrastructure as well as built and natural environments, from roads and docks to private property and the shape of our beaches. We cannot maintain the island in perpetuity, but we can take steps to reduce to the impact of these risks and to improve the resilience of our community over time.
[VM1]I realize some of these are repeated from above.
[JT2]Vince, is this the correct link?
The CRP will result in a final report including an implementation roadmap. The planning process will result in the following:
Westgate Home Medical Equipment209 West Main StreetHyannis, MA 02601
The starting hourly rate for CSOs is $25.00 per hour. Housing for the summer is available for $110.00 per week.
(Rate effective May 17, 2023)
Traditionally the CSO program does not have opportunity for overtime work.
However throughout the summer opportunities will arise to work traffic or special event third party details.
Third Party detail pay is $60 per hour.
While most days you will be on patrol with other CSO officers, on occasion you will have the opportunity to ride along with a full time officer or will be working with them on a 3rd party detail.
The housing is dormitory style with 1-2 CSOs per room.
The two buildings contain a total of 40 dorm rooms along with shared kitchen, laundry and bathroom spaces.
The beds are twin XL, former CSOs recommend a mattress topper.
Storage in the dorm rooms are limited, each CSO will have a closet or a dresser.
Many former CSOs have found these items very helpful:
Yes, we do recommend a vehicle for ease of mobility.
While the housing is only .16 miles from the beach, other amenities such as (grocery store, station, downtown, and restaurants) are much farther away.
The Wave public transportation bus stop is 1 mile from housing.
If you decided to bring your vehicle, the Steamship Authority is the vehicle transportation to the island. We recommend to make a reservation as soon as possible (if the date you are interested in is not available you can wait list for that date and time) a morning arrival is recommended.
Nantucket does have two grocery stores and multiple other small market. However many of the items will be more expensive and limited selection. If you are able to do a grocery shop at a big box store for dry goods prior to arriving to the island you might find this helpful.
The NPD recommends a minimum uniform purchases of, 2 shirts, 2 pants, a pair of boots and a jacket. Other items that have been helpful to CSOs in the past are a pack of white t shirts, good pairs of socks, pens, a small notebook (pocket size), a pair of sunglasses, and if on ATV patrol a face gator.
Uniforms should always be properly ironed, pants should have a crease down the middle of the leg, while shirt sleeve should have a crease. Two pens in the shirt sleeve, name tag property affixed to the chest area. Hair should be neat and tidy, female hair should be slicked back in a tight bun. Jewelry should be kept to a minimum.
With the amount of snowfall on Nantucket, as long as panels are on a roof or high enough off the ground for ground-mounted systems, snow should not need to be removed. The solar panels do a good job of naturally melting any snow that doesn’t slide off of them.
Cleaning solar panels is not regularly needed. A good rain should clean them off with no problem. If they do get dirty enough to affect their efficiency, they can be cleaned with a non-abrasive wash just like you would clean your windows.
As long as your solar PV system is under warranty, replacement parts should be of no cost to you. With modern solar technologies systems rarely have issues with components, so any maintenance should be uncommon.
If installed properly, roof mounted systems will not cause roof damage that could potentially cause leaks.
Technology is constantly evolving, and solar panels will inevitably become more efficient in the future. Current solar technology is efficient enough for people to greatly reduce their electric bills to a few dollars a month to even no cost per month.
The solar panels themselves have a manufacturer warranty generally around 20-25 years, while Installers have a labor warranty around 5 years. Both of these warranties are dependent on manufacturer and installer and need to be taken into consideration when investing in a solar PV system.
Currently there is a federal tax rebate of 30% off of your system cost.
There is a state rebate of 15% up to $1000.
There is a Nantucket Town SOLAR Rebate of $2500.
Quarterly net-metering payments called SRECS.
Average payback period of a system on Nantucket is around 6.5 years. This means that on average the solar PV system will pay for itself in, on average, around 6.5 years.
Like many other things on Nantucket, it is more expensive to install solar PV on Nantucket due to cost of transportation of materials and additional labor costs. The $2500 SOLAR Rebate was created to help alleviate these extra cost. But even though the system is more expensive, it is still an economically viable option to saving money.
Although Nantucket may not get as much sun as mainland areas, these systems do generate enough electricity for owners to greatly reduce their electric bills without having to install more expensive systems.
The optimal roof orientation for installing solar PV is 180 degrees due south. Roof pitch can be accounted for with the system mounting brackets. Although asphalt shingles are prefered when installing roof mounted systems, roofs with cedar shingles can still be used.
Many installers use smart apps that communicate to your solar PV system through wifi or ethernet that allow you to manage and track your system output in real time.
Rarely can solar panels be installed inside the Historic Cores on Nantucket. Like any home improvement inside the Historic Cores, projects need to contribute to keeping these zones historically accurate. Systems can’t be visible from any view, and can’t impact the historical integrity of the building.
Yes, as long as the solar panels are visibly hidden from public view or are considered to not make a negative visual impact, they can be installed on your property.
Yes, you do need HDC approval before installing solar PV outside of a Historic Core, but they are more lenient when it comes to the aesthetics of the system, as long as it is not in view of a public way.
It's recommended that you talk to your local Homeowners Association before talking to the HDC when looking to install solar PV. You won’t have to fill out and pay for an application before finding out whether or not you are allowed to install solar PV where you live.
When looking to install a system on island it is important to talk to multiple installers to get a system and company that works well for your situation. Make sure to consider the overall cost of the system, the expected payback period, system and labor warranties, and how well they communicate.
Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances, also known as PFAS, are a group of manmade chemicals that have been manufactured and used in a variety of industries since the 1950s. They are referred to as ‘forever chemicals’ – they are persistent in our bodies, mobile in the environment and many will not naturally degrade. PFAS chemicals are most often commercially used to create grease, water and stain resistant barriers for materials, including Teflon, grease-resistant take out containers, and upholstery and carpet treatments; these chemicals are also found in firefighting foam.
PFAS compounds can be found in:
Certain PFAS chemicals are no longer manufactured in the United States as a result of phase outs including the PFOA Stewardship Program in which eight major chemical manufacturers agreed to eliminate the use of PFOA and PFOA-related chemicals in their products and as emissions from their facilities. Although PFOA and PFOS are no longer manufactured in the United States, they are still produced internationally and can be imported into the United States in consumer goods such as carpet, leather and apparel, textiles, paper and packaging, coatings, rubber and plastics.
PFAS is a chemical found in a wide range of consumer products, and most people have been exposed to PFAS. A preliminary list of scientific articles that have looked at PFAS presence in consumer products is included in FAQ #32.
Concerns have been raised regarding human health and ecological risks associated with certain PFAS chemicals. The Town of Nantucket is following the guidance and testing requirements of Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) as it pertains to PFAS.
The best action you can take to decrease PFAS pollution on the Island is to purchase less PFAS-containing products. This can be challenging because products like food packaging materials, non-stick cookware, stain resistant carpet treatments, water resistant clothing, cleaning products, paints, varnishes and sealants, waxes, and cosmetics may have PFAS in them. Other products such as fertilizers and compost may contain PFAS compounds. Purchasing PFAS-free alternatives to these products will help decrease the amount of additional PFAS entering the Island.
Nantucket Memorial Airport has responded to concerns about the presence of Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (“PFAS”) in drinking water down-gradient from the Airport property associated with the release of firefighting foam during tests mandated by the Federal Aviation Administration.
Working with a licensed environmental consultant, the Airport learned that some, but not all drinking water wells in the affected area show PFAS levels in excess of reportable concentrations set by the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. More information is available at Airport’s PFAS Information Portal.
PFAS are slow to break down in the environment, and therefore are often found in food and the environment (soil, water). It is unlikely that you can avoid all PFAS exposure. However, you can take the following actions to limit your exposure to PFAS:
Significant research is underway to better answer this question. At this point, home grown produce likely contributes to less PFAS exposure than drinking water or food products like eggs and seafood. While PFAS may be present in co-compost, it is likely diluted when mixed with surrounding soils, so less PFAS ends up in the plants. Note that co-compost has not been available to the public since August 2019.
Want to learn more about how PFAS travels from soil or co-compost into plants?
Many factors affect how PFAS ends up in plants, including:
We generally know that shorter chain compounds that are more soluble (dissolved) in water are more likely to be found in the fruit of a plant. On the other hand, long chain compounds (like PFOS and PFOA) tend to stick to soils or translocate (move) into and store in the plant’s roots or leaves.
The health risk of watering plants with PFAS-contaminated water is uncertain. It depends on many factors, including: 2
For more information check out:
You can take the following actions to limit your exposure:
Want to learn more about PFAS in irrigation water?
A recent study modelled how much PFAS was found in vegetables following watering with PFAS-impacted water. The study found that using water with the USEPA lifetime health advisory for PFOS and PFOA of 70 nanograms per Liter (ng/L) [or parts per trillion, ppt] would result in daily exposure below what state and federal agencies deemed high risk, for all age groups.3 In other words, water that the USEPA says is safe to drink is also safe to water ones plants with.
We know biosolid-based fertilizers often contain some level of detectable PFAS.4 Recent studies found that fertilizer products generally had higher PFAS concentrations than soil amendments containing biosolids, such as co-compost. However, fertilizers are typically added in smaller amounts than soil amendment products, suggesting that PFAS levels in bulk soil is lower when using fertilizers than when using soil amendment products. FAQ #9 includes actions you can take to reduce exposure to PFAS from fertilizers and soil amendments, including co-compost.
The Nantucket landfill and WON’s operations take materials delivered from the public and commercial vendors to use as ingredients to produce several products for re-use:
Yes. While some exposure to PFAS may occur from accidentally swallowing or breathing in steam while bathing or showering, it is not significant.
Yes. PFAS are not easily absorbed through the skin, so bathing is not a significant source of exposure. Take care to limit accidental swallowing or breathing of PFAS-impacted water during bathing.
You have two options:
When installing a private treatment system, talk to a professional to make sure it will correctly treat PFAS, and work with them throughout the process, including how to maintain the system and dispose of the PFAS-laden treatment media.
Not necessarily. The MassDEP PFAS6 MCL and USEPA lifetime health advisories are set to overestimate potential exposures. Their goal is to make sure that sensitive populations, like infants and pregnant or breastfeeding mothers, are protected. The advisories also take into account differences between animals and humans, and differences between humans. As stated by MassDEP, “a risk would be expected only if an individual continuously drinks only contaminated water at a level significantly higher than the MCL.” The best way to reduce the potential health risks is to limit your exposure as much as possible (more info in FAQs #20, #23, and #28).
Yes. If you would like to have your or your family member’s blood tested, talk to your health care provider. You can also seek guidance on how to interpret blood test results from your regional Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit (PEHSU). However, PEHSU does not offer PFAS testing.
Remember that PFAS are found in the blood of humans and animals worldwide. Most people in the United States have one or more specific PFAS in their blood, especially PFOS and PFOA. If you are concerned and choose to have your blood tested, test results will tell you how much of each PFAS is in your blood but it is unclear what the results mean in terms of possible health effects. The blood test will not be diagnostic (attributable to an existing health condition) or prognostic (predictive of a future health condition), nor will it provide information for treatment. The blood test results will not predict or rule-out the development of future health problems related to a PFAS exposure. At this point, the benefit of a PFAS blood test is to identify the PFAS in a person’s blood, relative to the broader population.
On October 2, 2020, MassDEP published final regulations establishing a drinking water standard, or a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), for the sum of six per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). The MCL is 20 parts per trillion (ppt) for what the regulations call PFAS6, or the sum of six PFAS compounds: perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA).
Additional MassDEP regulations for testing of PFAS in the environment are likely in the future as scientific studies are conducted and the understanding of these chemicals increases. The Town of Nantucket has been and will perform all testing as required by MassDEP. The Town also performed testing as recommended by our professional and licensed consultants to address specific situations.
The Town of Nantucket, Nantucket Memorial Airport and Wannacomet Water Company along with MassDEP are working together to coordinate PFAS related activities.
MassDEP and UMass conducted free PFAS testing for a limited number of private wells, focusing on Massachusetts towns where 60% or more of residents are served by private wells. Nantucket was included in this sampling and testing program performed in 2021.
MassDEP selected the wells that were sampled based on priority factors including geographic distribution throughout the town, proximity to potential sources of PFAS, and available funding.
Fourty-one private wells were sampled. Testing results have been posted by MassDEP
https://www.mass.gov/info-details/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas-in-private-well-drinking-water-supplies-faq (scroll down the webpage to “PFAS Testing in Private Wells” for map and results.
The public water supply on the Island is provided by seven (7) groundwater sources located in two systems, Wannacomet Water Company and Siasconset Water Department. The Wannacomet Water Company and Sconset Water Department well sampling results have been below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) set as safe for PFAS in drinking water, with most wells showing no PFAS.
The majority of the Town's public water supply is provided by the Wannacomet Water Company that is served by five wells (Well 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16) located in Nantucket's Sole Source Aquifer. Two wells (Well 15 and 16) pump groundwater from a shallow aquifer at about 75 feet, while the remaining three wells (Well 12, 13, 14) pump groundwater from a deeper aquifer at about 150 feet with a confining unit separating the two. The wells are located in the center of the Island in the proximity of the intersection between Milestone Road and Polpis Road. Wells 12, 15, and 16 are manifolded together at the Wyers Valley Pumping Station. Wells 13 and 14 enter the distribution system individually. The groundwater does not require any physical or chemical treatment before pumping to distribution.
The Siasconset Water Department serves a much smaller distribution area on the east side of the Island with two wells (Wells 6 and 7). Well 7 is the primary well while Well 6 acts as the backup well. The two wells are located on Milestone Road, also in Nantucket's Sole Source Aquifer. The wells are screened at a depth of 70 feet below the confining unit.
Wannacomet public water supply wells draw water from a deep aquifer below confining units. A confining unit is a layer of low permeable material (such as clay and fine silt) may help prevent PFAS from moving to deeper aquifer layers. For comparison, most private residential (domestic) wells are screened in the upper Unconfined Aquifer, thus withdrawing groundwater from above the confining unit.
Note that groundwater sample results have been reported by Nantucket Memorial Airport for on-airport shallow monitoring wells and adjacent residential drinking water wells and with private well testing conducted by MassDEP and UMass (see FAQ no.8). This data is not a complete picture of PFAS in the Island's aquifer. The Airport is continuing to advance its investigation through ongoing sampling and source identification activities. The Town with consultant CDM Smith also continues to advance its investigation through on-going sampling program at the WWTP and the landfill. The Water company continues to take samples as mandated by MassDEP.
An aquifer is underground layer of water bearing rock and/or granular materials from which water can be extracted using a well.
A confining unit is relatively dense and contains impermeable materials, such as clay, that may prevent transport of groundwater and pollutants deeper into the subsurface.
Whether you can hook up to public water depends on location and discussions with the Town. If there are existing Town water lines on your street, the process to install a new water service to a property from that existing line may be easier and cheaper. If a property is located in a part of Town without public water lines, it is more difficult. Your location, how close you are to existing water lines, funding, and conditions below the surface may all factor into if you can hook up to public water.
No. There is no specific regulation of PFAS in a Zone II aquifer wellhead protection area (refer to glossary) relative to septic systems. However, the MassDEP Title 5 program and land use controls offers general protection to Zone II aquifer areas. Local Boards of Health and MassDEP are the regulatory authorities for septic systems. The Town of Nantucket’s Septic System Resources website (see call-out box) has helpful resources for you to ensure you are doing your part to protect the Island’s resources, including the Zone II aquifer wellhead protection area.
If homeowners are interested PFAS sampling and testing at their own election, there are laboratories you may contact and request pricing. Here are a few companies that are known to have done PFAS testing on Nantucket. This is not a complete list of all available firms and this list is not to be considered an endorsement for any particular company. Listed alphabetically:
If there are other firms that may be added to the list, please send the information to PFAS@nantucket-ma.gov
No. PFAS sampling results from leachate (liquid coming out of landfills into the ground) or co-compost (leaf/yard waste mixed with municipal solid waste and dewatered sludge (residuals) from the WWTF that are processed through a composter to create biosolids) should not be compared to regulatory or other health-based PFAS standards for soil or groundwater. The risk for each type of media is different, so the standards for one type cannot apply directly to another type. MassDEP is developing screening levels for land application of soil amendments, including biosolids, which would apply to co-compost. FAQs #9 and #10 have more information on the health risk to plants growing in soil with co-compost. Note that co-compost has not been available to the public since August 2019.
Some concentrations of PFAS in domestic wells in the vicinity of landfill has been reported by homeowners and the MassDEP/UMass private well testing performed in 2021.
At the request of MassDEP in 2021, the Town prepared a surface water and ground water sampling plan for the landfill site. The sampling plan was submitted to MassDEP with Form SW-22 in December 2021. The SW-22, related documents and status can be obtained here: https://eeaonline.eea.state.ma.us/EEA/PublicApp/ with "Search All Online Authorizations"
Yes. The Town with CDM Smith are collecting waste stream samples for PFAS testing to better understand the sources and presence of these chemical compounds. The Town is following the requirements of MassDEP along with the recommendations prepared by CDM Smith in the Town-wide Preliminary Assessment and Planning Approach Report.
The Town is posting the testing reports and results on the PFAS webpage after review and verification by CDM Smith.
There are currently no MassDEP or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guidelines for WWTF or landfill sites at this time. However, both agencies are moving forward to include PFAS in Wastewater National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits. For more information check out MassDEP’s website at: https://www.mass.gov/info-details/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas#pfas-in-wastewater-facilities-with-npdes-permitted-discharge
PFAS are a group of man-made chemicals used since the 1940s. PFAS were used to manufacture commercial products and firefighting foam. Some PFAS are no longer used. The potential source of PFAS present at the Town landfill, such as in waste water treatment residuals and municipal solid waste, are primarily from use of household cleaning products, food packaging, clothing, and beauty products that contained PFAS.
In 2019, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) recognized the need for more information on PFAS characteristics in wastewater treatment residuals. Prior to 2020 on Nantucket, such residuals were mixed with municipal solid waste and leaf/yard waste to be used for compost. Waste Options, the Town Contractor, collected compost samples in 2019 to maintain a proactive approach to environmental quality on the island. Specific PFAS sampling protocols were not established at that time.
The data received could not be readily assessed, as MassDEP has not yet issued criteria to evaluate risk associated with PFAS in wastewater treatment residuals or compost. Further, it is recognized that sampling was not conducted in accordance with current protocols. The Town and its Contractor Waste Options are now performing quarterly monitoring of PFAS in accordance with the recent MassDEP Approval of Suitability (AOS) permit requirement updates. Note that starting in 2019, wastewater residuals and municipal solid waste stopped being used to prepare compost for Town-wide use.
Forty-one (41) private wells were sampled and five (5) had levels that exceeded the MassDEP PFAS drinking water standard MCL of 20 ppt for PFAS6.
Testing results have been posted by MassDEP https://www.mass.gov/info-details/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas-in-private-well-drinking-water-supplies-faq (scroll down the webpage to “PFAS Testing in Private Wells” for map and results.
No. You can provide the required information contained on a certification form in any format. If you used the old certification forms to provide your employer with the required FMLA information, you do not have to provide your employer with the same FMLA information using the revised certification forms.
Your employer may use the WHD prototype forms or create their own version of the forms containing the same basic information. However, an employer that requests a medical certification may request only information that relates to the serious health condition for which the current need for leave exists, and no information may be required beyond that specified in the FMLA regulations. See 29 CFR 825.306, 29 CFR 825.307, and 29 CFR 825.308.
Employers must accept a complete and sufficient certification, regardless of the format. The employer cannot reject a certification that contains all the information needed to determine if the leave is FMLA-qualifying. The employer cannot refuse:
Please return your completed certification forms to the Human Resources Department, as it is the employee’s responsibility to provide the employer with the completed certification.
The Transportation Program Manager is an employee of the regional body—the Nantucket Planning and Economic Development Commission—rather than the Town of Nantucket; however, the Transportation Program Manager coordinates with the town frequently, providing technical assistance for capital projects, studies, and other transportation needs. Due to the unique relationship between the town and the region, the Transportation Program Manager position is paid for by the town, but direct salary costs are reimbursed by the federal government with the state functioning as a pass-through.
While the Transportation Program Manager coordinates regularly with Town’s Department of Public Works, the Transportation Program Manager is not directly involved with town maintenance operations, nor does s/he manage budgets related to the DPW’s work. Creating a service ticket is the most efficient way to address maintenance needs: service ticket.
No. The Transportation Program Manager only manages an annual work program budget for regional planning work. The Transportation Program Manager also manages coordination with the state and federal government when a capital project is slated to receive state or federal aid funding support.
By ferry boat or airplane…There is no bridge.
According to thew 2020 census, the island has a year round population of around 14,255. In July and August the population swells to around 80,000 or more.
The Town Manager is appointed by the Select Board for a term of 3 years. The Town Manager has an employment contract with the Town (also approved by the Select Board) which generally runs concurrent to the 3 year term.
HABs are algal blooms with the potential to harm human health or aquatic ecosystems. In freshwater systems, cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae) are microorganisms that can produce HABs. Some cyanobacterial HABs, or cyanoHABs, can produce toxins (cyanotoxins) that are harmful to human and aquatic health.
Environmental factors such as the presence of nutrients, warm temperatures, and increased periods of sunlight can encourage the natural increase of cyanobacteria which is why blooms occur more frequently during the summer time. Agricultural (fertilizer) runoff and wastewater effluent are sources of nutrients that have been linked to higher rates of these bacteria.
HABs have been associated with human health impacts including skin rashes, gastrointestinal and respiratory disease, and liver damage. Animals, including dogs, can also be impacted by HABs, having more pronounced effects that can potentially be fatal.
A harmful algal bloom can produce dense mats and may look like green paint or scum on the surface of the water; they can also cause foul odors.
HABS might not always be visible but are typically common during warmer months of the year and after rain events.
If you notice a HAB occurring or are not sure, please use caution and do not recreate in the pond. Keep your pets on leashes to control your animal’s contact with potential HABs.
Water well testing kits are available for pick-up at the Nantucket Health and Human Services office, 131 Pleasant Street. The form, instructions and fee schedule are part of the kit.
Please send questions to firstname.lastname@example.org
Open enrollment in May 1 – 31 of each calendar year is the time to review, enroll and/or make changes to your benefits plan options.
For changes outside of the open enrollment period, a qualifying life event can trigger a special enrollment period at any point during the year. You have 30 days from a qualifying life event to make changes to your benefits plan options. Human Resources will need supporting documentation to support these changes.
If there is a voluntary request to cancel health coverage, we will need supporting documentation that the individuals who are being removed have alternative coverage (dependents included).
If the request is related to a divorce order, we do need the decree to support our changes outside of the open enrollment period.
To add your newborn, you need to provide a completed enrollment form to Human Resources along with a birth certificate and SSN of your newborn whiten 30 days from the date of birth.
It is an event that may trigger a need for health insurance or to make changes to your health plan. Many qualifying life events can make you eligible for a special enrollment period. Examples of qualifying events include: Losing coverage through your employer/ Ending COBRA coverage/ Getting married or divorced/ Loss of a family member/ Having a baby/ Adopting a child
Domestic Partners cannot be afforded benefits by a Massachusetts municipality. This is due to two reasons:
Under Section 2 of M.G.L. 32B there is no definition of covered dependents which acknowledges “Domestic Partners”. (attached)
The Connors Decision was a decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Court which struck down the Executive Order by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino offering full benefits to Domestic Partners in the City of Boston. (attached)
The Town is excluded from the new PFML law. We follow the federal family leave act regulations (FMLA), which provide for 12 weeks of unpaid leave. An employee may elect to use accrued leave during their FMLA leave, either to receive their full paycheck or to only cover deductions. Employees are permitted to use all accrued leave available to them during an FMLA leave (vacation, personal, sick). In the event that an employee does not have sufficient accruals, they may be able to apply for donations from the Union sick bank (for union employees).
Federal law requires that most group health plans (all plans offered by the Town) give employees and their families the opportunity to continue their health care coverage through COBRA continuation coverage when there’s a “qualifying event” that would result in a loss of coverage under an
WC pays 60% of the employee’s wages and 40% must be covered by the employee’s accrued leave.
WC payments do not kick in until 5 days missed from work, so for the first 5 days of absence the employee have to use accrued leave. If the employee is out 20+ days, the first 5 days are refunded through insurance.
Accrued sick leave is paid at 50% after 10 years of service (LiUNA contract Article #19.10 and Town Personnel Policies Article #5.7-1).
You need to be eligible by Barnstable County Retirement Association (BCRA) or Mass Teachers’ Retirement System (MTRS) to retire, then you would also be considered eligible with the town and this would include the health insurance. You would be eligible to carry your Health Insurance throughout retirement as long as you are pulling a pension compensation. Please refer to RETIREES webpage for more information.
If you do not pull compensation at time of retirement, you will be eligible to do so once you start pulling for yourself and spouse – no insurance with the Town (this means if you retire, but choose not to pull a retirement pay check, you can COBRA the insurance(s) until you decide to pull a compensation check.)
The Town of Nantucket posts vacancies on the Town’s website here and bulletin boards at Town’s offices located on the island.
Yes, the Town of Nantucket requires all applicants to fill out a new application for each position for which they wish to apply.
Please visit GovernmentJobs.com /careers/nantucket/ to find the current opening and complete the online application. A completed online job application is required in order to be considered for the position for which you are applying.
No, all information must be complete on the application.
If the position is reopened for new applications, your application will be considered at time. Please remember, you need to submit a new application for each position you are interested in.
When the employment opportunity posting closes, all complete applications will be reviewed. The screening process may take up to 30 days. If selected for an interview, you will receive an email from email@example.com to self-schedule it, or one of our team members will reach out to you directly. The candidates who are not selected for the interview will receive regret letters.
Yes, you MUST come in person and bring the original documents that prove your legal status. For a list of eligible documents, click here.
Yes, we can accept the document from your physical exam as long as it’s not older than 12 months.
If you are a regular employee that works a minimum of 20 hours per week for 52 weeks a year, you are eligible to enroll in benefits on or after your first day and must enroll within your first 30 days.
An employee shall not be entitled to vacation leave until the completion of six (6) months of continuous service at which time the employee is eligible to take one-half of the allotment for the year subject to the approval of the department head.
If you have a medical marijuana card, please provide a copy to HR. Depending on the position, you might be eligible for employment with the Town of Nantucket.
Unfortunately, HR is not permitted to advise or assist an employee with tax-related matters. Please consult a tax professional for advice and guidance.
For full-time employee required paperwork, click here. For part-time and seasonal employment, click here.
You will be paid bi-weekly, every other Thursday. You have the option to enroll in direct deposit during your new employee orientation or anytime during your employment.
For information on the Personnel Board and its dissolution, click HERE.
Open enrollment IS DURING THE MONTH OF MAY of each calendar year – THIS IS the time to review, enroll and/or make changes to your benefits plan options.
To add your newborn, you need to provide a completed enrollment form to Human Resources along with a birth certificate and SSN of your newborn within 30 days from the date of birth. If the employee can provide any hospital documentation that the certificate has been filed, we will use this until the employee can obtain birth Certificate.
Federal law requires that most group health plans (all plans offered by the Town) give employees and their families the opportunity to continue their health care coverage through COBRA continuation coverage when there’s a “qualifying event” that would result in a loss of coverage under an employer’s plan. Please refer to our COBRA webpage for more information.
Each union has different considerations and strategies to achieve their desired outcome, as does the Town. During negotiations, there were perhaps other items, monetary or non-monetary, that one union prioritizes over another. To understand that, one would need to talk to the unions directly. At times unions negotiate for absolute dollar increases instead of percentage increases as that tends to help the less senior staff cope with increasing cost of living. Similarly, the Town took this approach in the actions it took in the 2022-2023 Classification and Compensation Study presented to the Select Board on May 10th, 2023. In that case, the Town upwardly adjusted non-union employees who were paid toward the lower end of a pay band to direct help where most needed. Other examples where a union makes choices might include prioritizing education stipends over wage increases because they believe it will result in improved departmental results or prioritizing a scheduling change or shift differential over a broad-based wage adjustment. There are many, many trade-offs made in arriving at a settlement agreeable to all parties.
Geographic information system (GIS) is a system of computer hardware, software, and people that can assemble, store, manipulate, analyze, and display geographic data. Geographic data is any information that has a specific location. For example: roads, buildings, political boundaries, property lines, natural resources, etc.
With GIS it is possible to combine many layers of data from different sources and analyze the relationships between the data layers. The results of the analysis can then be displayed as a map or report to assist in decision making. For more information view the National Geographic Resource Library Encyclopedia.
Yes, anyone can order a map. Most of our data is available to the public on our interactive WebGIS site, and printable versions are available through the department. The GIS department can also create larger format maps.
To order a map, you can call the Assessor's Office at 508-228-7211 or the GIS office at (508) 228-7200 x 7003
2 Fairgrounds Rd.
Nantucket, MA 02554
Map price is determined by the size, please call us at 508-228-7211 for more information.
The property information updated nightly from the Assessor’s database.
Two people is the maximum number and they must practice social distancing while working.
Emergency Order No. 6 requires the designation of one or more individuals of the company doing the landscape work to be COVID-19 Officer(s). They are responsible for ensuring that all of the company’s employees are following the required safety protocols in Emergency Order No. 6. Please see LINK for the necessary form that must be completed and returned to the Town’s Natural Resources Department for the designation of the Officer(s).
Starting on April 21, 2020, the following "Primary Activities" are allowed:
Initial site openings and maintenance:
Irrigation System Commissioning:
Trees and shrubs:
Starting on April 28, 2020 the following “Secondary Activities” are allowed:
No this Order only covers existing landscaping at this time.
No, this Order only covers existing landscaping at this time. However, you may plant them at your own residence.
No. The Order requires that individuals must take separate transportation to the job site, regardless of family or living status.
Nantucket’s Order is stricter than the State’s Order. Currently Nantucket is restricting landscapers to the list of activities above.
Yes, office work to maintain the essential functions of a business is allowed as long as social distancing guidelines and safety measures are followed.
Options include biking, walking, taxi, NRTA.
We are recommending that the two companies coordinate their work so as to maximize social distancing and minimize interaction. If work can occur without any overlap, it may be allowed.
Under the State Stay-at-Home Order, childcare facilities are only open for certain types of workers, landscaping workers are not in any of those categories.
If the site where you are working does not have restroom facilities, you may leave the site to use an appropriate restroom, elsewhere – while making sure to follow all sanitary, safety and social distancing protocols.
The Massachusetts Department of Unemployment Assistance (www.mass.gov/info-details/employee-unemployment-faq-covid-19#eligibility-) has advised that employees receiving unemployment who seek to self-quarantine due to a “reasonable fear of exposure” or to care for “a child who is at home” need not accept suitable work that becomes available until the reasonable fear or childcare need have resolved. There is no further definition of “reasonable” in terms of fear of exposure, but legal opinion states that it needs to be something more than a generalized, subjective fear of contracting the illness, and must be based on concrete factors present in the workplace or the employee’s health condition that increase his likelihood of getting the disease.
Please also consider that the Massachusetts Department of Unemployment Assistance has advised that an employee who plans to quit his or her job out of fear of being exposed may be eligible, but must demonstrate, among other things, that such fear was reasonable under the circumstances. The DUA did not define “reasonable” in this guidance either.
What is allowed:
What is NOT allowed:
No, non-essential businesses are not allowed to open however as of May 4, 2020 the Governor announced additional guidance regarding essential and non-essential work.
Starting January 1, 2023, single-use petroleum-based plastic containers of alcoholic beverages of less than or equal to 100 ml are prohibited for sale, distribution and commercial use in the Town of Nantucket.
This bylaw goes into effect on January 1, 2023.
Not after January 1, 2023.
*§ 125A-4Enforcement process.
Enforcement of this bylaw shall be the discretionary responsibility of the Town Manager or her/his designee. Police officers and health agents have the authority to enforce this bylaw. The Town Manager shall determine the inspection process to be followed, incorporating the process into other Town duties as appropriate. Any establishment conducting sales, distribution or otherwise engaging in the commercial use of the prohibited plastic products in violation of this bylaw shall be subject to a noncriminal disposition fine as specified in Article II of Chapter 1 of the Code of the Town of Nantucket under MGL c. 40, § 21D. Any such fines shall be paid to the Town of Nantucket. Enforcement shall be through the process of noncriminal disposition under MGL c. 40, § 21D, and Article II of Chapter 1 of the Code of the Town of Nantucket.
A curb cut is a dip in a sidewalk and curb that enables a vehicle to drive to a driveway, garage, parking lot, loading dock or drive-through. Before beginning a curb cut project, the Department of Public Works (DPW) must approve the proposed plans to confirm that the design meets safety and zoning requirements – and then issue a work permit.
A driveway access permit is required to construct, modify, or use a driveway that connects to a public road. The purpose of this permit is to regulate and ensure safe and efficient access to the public road. Anyone wanting to make or change a cut in the curb of the street, such as in constructing, moving, or removing a driveway must first obtain a permit from the Town of Nantucket. The placement of curb cuts can have significant impacts on the safety and quality of life of the surrounding neighborhood. The Town will review each permit application with due consideration to the applicant’s desire for the curb cut and public welfare.
Traffic control plans should be developed in accordance with the guidelines provided by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT). Proper traffic control measures must be implemented to protect both workers and motorists.
An excavation license, also known as a contractor's license or a digging permit, is a legal authorization granted to individuals or companies to conduct excavation work in a specific jurisdiction. This license is typically required to ensure compliance with safety regulations and to protect underground utilities, infrastructure, and the general public during excavation activities.
Excavation licenses are required whenever an excavation or underground work is planned within the Town’s right of way. The specific requirements and regulations for obtaining an excavation license can vary depending on the jurisdiction. However, in general, the process may involve the following:
Allow for 5-10 business days.
The Personnel Board was established under the authority granted to the town by Massachusetts General Law Chapter 41 section 108C. The duties of the Personnel Board were set out in Chapter 33 of the Town Code and became effective in 1995 as a result of a Town Meeting vote. The duties of the Personnel Board included: Review the personnel policies of the Town; review the compensation policies of the Town; review and monitor the classification plan; investigate and make recommendations concerning the proper classification of any employee; investigate complaints, problems and the adequacy of personnel policies, practices and procedures; make recommendations as deemed necessary.
No, the Town no longer has a Personnel Board.
The decision to place the duty regarding town personnel with the Town Manager was made by the voters in a public process at Town Meeting by adopting the Charter in 1996. This vote substantially changed town government in Nantucket to meet the expanding scope of the Town. This Charter was then passed by the State Legislature and signed by the Governor and codified in Chapter 289 of the Acts of 1996. The Town Charter created the position of Town Manager* and transferred the functions previously performed by the Personnel Board to the Town Manager. The Charter sets out the duties of the Town Manager in Section 4.2.
*position title changed from Town Administrator to Town Manager in 2007
Yes, the Select Board adopted the Town’s Personnel Policy in 2013.
During the course of 2011 and 2012 the Town undertook a comprehensive review of the personnel function given to the Town Manager by the Town Charter. That review led to the preparation and presentation to the Select Board of a comprehensive Personnel Policy. That policy was developed though the cooperation of many different town sources. The final document contains this language:
“The purpose of these personnel policies is to establish a system of human resource administration based on principles that ensure a uniform, fair and efficient application of personnel rules and regulations. The intent of these policies is to provide a method of recruitment, selection, classification and compensation and the development of a work force that is skilled and effective in accomplishing assigned responsibilities. Personnel actions shall be made in accordance with state and federal law and without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identification, age as defined by law, disability, genetic information, or other non-job-related factors and shall be based on merit and ability to perform the job properly.”
The proposed policy was placed on the Select Board public agenda for February 20, 2013 and was the subject of an open and public discussion. No issue was raised at that time regarding the dissolution of the Personnel Board and the policies were adopted by the Board.
All Town of Nantucket personnel policies are available to be viewed on the Human Resources Policies page of the Town website.
The entire Town Code was updated in 2020 to change the title of the Select Board, from Board of Selectmen, as authorized by Town Meeting. This update did not affect the Town Manager’s personnel responsibilities.
The Personnel Board as it existed in 1995 would have no direct oversight responsibility regarding personnel disputes such as hiring or discipline and would have no lawful ability to “step in”. A Personnel Board, even if it existed, would have no authority to intervene in personnel matters that are overseen by the Town Manager per the Charter.
Aquifer: an underground layer of water-bearing rock and/or granular materials. Groundwater can be extracted using a water well.
Mulch: a blend of branches, stumps and other wood material from trees, pallets, and other clean wood waste, and large plants
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR): A federal public health agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The agency focuses on minimizing human health risks associated with exposure to hazardous substances.
ng/L: nanograms per liter, or parts per trillion [ppt]
Biosolids: dewatered sludge (residual solids or sludge) generated during the wastewater treatment process and then processed through a composter to create biosolids
PFAS: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. A group of manmade chemicals manufactured and used in a variety of industries since the 1950s.
Co-compost: a combination of WWTF output (residuals), leaf/yard waste, and municipal solid waste produced by Waste Options Nantucket. (Currently not being distributed to the public)
PFAS6 MCL: MassDEP’s drinking water MCL of 20 ng/L for the sum of six specific PFAS compounds: PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, PFNA, PFHpA and, PFDA.
Compost: organic material that can be added to soil to help plants grow (typically food scraps and yard waste)
PFOA: perfluorooctanoic acid. A PFAS compound.
Confining unit: an underground layer of relatively dense, impermeable materials, such as clay, that may prevent transport of groundwater and pollutants deeper into the subsurface.
PFOS: perfluorooctane sulfonate. A PFAS compound.
FAQ: frequently asked questions
Translocate: the movement of a dissolved substance within an organism, such as plant parts (roots, stems, leaves, fruit)
MCL: maximum contaminant level. A standard established by MassDEP as the allowable level of a pollutant in drinking water
USEPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency
MassDEP: Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
WWTF: Wastewater Treatment Facility
MCP: Massachusetts Contingency Plan (310 CMR 40.0000). Lays out a detailed process on when and how contaminated sites must be assessed and cleaned up
Zone II Aquifer Wellhead Protection Area: represents the area of contribution to a water supply well under the most severe pumping and recharge conditions that can be realistically anticipated (180 days of pumping with no recharge from precipitation), per the MassDEP Drinking Water Regulations (310 CMR 22.000)
a. Report Title: Risk assessment of fluorinated substances in cosmetic products
Published by: The Danish Environmental Protection Agency, October 2018
Summary: This project is part of the Danish Environmental Protection Agency's chemical initiative, with the aim of assessing consumers' exposure to problematic chemistry. The purpose of the project is to build knowledge of PFAS in cosmetic products and to clarify whether using cosmetic products containing PFAS poses a risk to consumers.
b. URL: https://mst.dk/service/publikationer/publikationsarkiv/2018/nov/risk-assessment-of-fluorinated-substances-in-cosmetic-products/
Accessed March 16, 2021
Report Title: Analysis of PFASs and TOF in products
Published by: The Nordic Council of Ministers (regional collaboration, involving Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Åland.), 2017
Summary: This study is a follow-up of a Nordic Risk Assessment Project from 2015 where 29 samples of different household products were analyzed for 22 PFASs. The result of that study showed that all 29 products contained PFASs and that 12 of the 22 PFASs that were analyzed for were detected. The study further analyzed the products in 2015 together with additional analysis of product types known to contain PFASs or suspected to contain PFASs.
c. Report Title: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in consumer products
Published by: The Environmental Science and Pollution Research (ESPR) Journal, February 2015
Summary: This study investigated the PFAS load of consumer products in a broad perspective. Perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids, carboxylic acids and fluorotelomer alcohols were analyzed in 115 random samples of consumer products including textiles (outdoor materials), carpets, cleaning and impregnating agents, leather samples, baking and sandwich papers, paper baking forms and ski waxes. A diverse mixture of PFASs can be found in consumer products for all fields of daily use in varying concentrations. This study proves the importance of screening and monitoring of consumer products for PFAS loads and the necessity for an action to regulate the use of PFASs, especially PFOA, in consumer products.
d. Massachusetts Dept. of Public Health: https://www.mass.gov/service-details/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas-in-drinking-water
e. MassDEP Interagency Task Force and AG Lawsuit : https://www.mass.gov/info-details/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas#interagency-task-force-and-ag-lawsuit
Peer-reviewed Scientific Studies Referenced in FAQs
No, this bylaw applies to COMMERCIAL use and distribution only. This bylaw will be enforced in commercial establishments, not on the streets or in people’s homes. However, we hope all will join in the spirit of the bylaw in reducing single-use plastic waste. We need everyone’s participation and consumer support to make the greatest difference.
Drinking water is plain, uncarbonated, unflavored water. Flavored water and carbonated water are not covered in this bylaw.
There are numerous locations around the island where you can refill your water bottle, with additional filling stations planned: https://www.nantucket-ma.gov/1371/Water-Stations. Additionally, only water in a single-use plastic or non-recyclable container of a liter or less is banned in this bylaw. Local businesses have already found alternative containers for drinking water made from other materials. Using a reusable water is preferable in order to minimize waste from single-use items, as well as reduce carbon emissions associated with production and transportation of single-use items.
Vending machines are commercial sale and distribution, and they will not be permitted to sell items included in the ban.
As long as the items are for personal use and not commercial use and distribution, bringing these items in from off-island is permitted under the bylaw. However, again, we hope all will join in the spirit of the bylaw in reducing single-use plastic waste. We need everyone’s participation and consumer support to make the greatest difference.
This bylaw will rely on complaint-based enforcement, as well as active inspections by Health Department staff.
The objective of waste stream separation is to handle all waste in the most sustainable ways possible, within the limitations and unique challenges Nantucket faces pertaining to waste management. Reducing the amount of waste generated is the first, and most effective and efficient, step in minimizing our impact on the health of the natural environment, and in turn our own health. While there are single-use alternatives to each of the banned items, we encourage you to consider reusable alternatives to these items. This minimizes waste and reduces carbon emissions associated with production and transportation of single-use items.
Most compostable plastics need certain conditions in an industrial composter to break down, which Nantucket’s waste management facility at 188 Madaket Road may or may not meet. The Department of Public Works and Waste Options Nantucket are working on conducting research to better understand the capabilities of our Composter and composting process.
Cleaning up the Compostable Waste stream by keeping plastic and other non-biodegradable materials out of it, creates more possibilities for finding ways to properly handle compostable plastics locally.
For more information about how to sort your ‘trash’ visit: https://www.nantucket-ma.gov/SolidWaste.
Nantucket has an existing Biodegradable Packaging Bylaw, which is related to this Single-Use Plastics bylaw but covers packaging: https://ecode360.com/11471185.
Yes, this bylaw prohibits petroleum-based plastics only; compostable plastics, bamboo and other natural materials are permitted. Most compostable plastics items are currently made from polylactic acid (PLA), though there are other types of compostable plastics. Regardless, all compostable plastic items indicate on the item that it is compostable. Please note: the terms “biodegradable” and “oxo-degradable” do not signify that a material is “compostable,” nor are those terms interchangeable for “compostable.”
Click on this link: https://nantucketma.justfoia.com/publicportal/home/newrequest
You may pay your parking ticket online BY CLICKING HERE or you can follow the payment instructions printed on the ticket.
You may pay for your beach permit online at the town's online payments page or you can stop by the Police Department, Lobby Records Window, between Monday and Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. (June 15-September 1 everyday 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.), located at:
4 Fairgrounds Road
Cold patch is also very expensive. It costs approximately $200/ton and it also has constraints: 1) it requires special handling, 2) needs to be kept covered, 3) it must be stored under cover to retain its adhesive properties, and 4) it tends to leak oils at certain temperatures. As a result, the Town does not “just cold patch everything" but rather applies this solution where and when appropriate.
A pothole fixer is a specialized massive infrared panel that is lowered onto the street; it heats the asphalt around the pothole prior to filling it, ensuring that the new material bonds strongly to the surrounding road, preventing repeated repairs.
1. Use the SeeClickFix mobile phone app, or2. Call DPW at 508-228-7244 and a traceable work order will be created, or3. Report via this website.
All of those options are great and DPW is taking notes as they drive around to make sure they know where potholes are, too.
The landfill fees are been reviewed and will be published in January 2020.
The Transportation Program Manager provides technical support to the town upon request if the request is consistent with the region’s Unified Planning Work Program, which is approved by the NP&EDC. The Transportation Program Manager provides guidance and support to the town but will not make formal recommendations on policy. As an employee of the NP&EDC, the proper vehicle for policy recommendations is communication/correspondence from the NP&EDC to the Select Board.
The town government does not directly receive federal aid through federal transportation formula programs. By contrast, the Nantucket Planning and Economic Development Commission (NP&EDC—the regional body) has Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) “obligation authority” to spend up to a certain amount of federal aid on projects that have passed certain design thresholds and requirements. The apportioned amount for this authority is based on a funding formula defined in federal legislation, which is then further divided up at the state level across regions in Massachusetts. Typically, Nantucket’s region—the NP&EDC—is authorized to program and spend between $600,000 and $700,000 per year on transportation projects. Obligation authority is a limit or ceiling on the amount of federal aid that can be used year to year, but this amount excludes discretionary competitive grant programs or other various forms of state and federal aid. If state and federal aid transportation project costs exceed the obligation ceiling, Nantucket must identify additional funding support for projects.
It is important to note that “obligation authority” refers to the ability to spend federal aid but does not necessarily mean that the region uses these funds each year. In other words, the region isn’t simply given $600,000 to $700,000 each year to do with what it pleases. For the region to be able to use these funds, a project must be documented in the region’s Long Range Transportation Plan (LRPT) and Transportation Improvement Program (TIP). The project’s design must then be reviewed and deemed acceptable by MassDOT and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Projects using state and federal aid are also subject to design compliance and reporting beyond that of local regulation. The required reporting and coordination for state and federal aid projects typically results in a longer timeline for project execution. As such, federal aid is typically reserved for longer multi-year projects.
The NRTA receives federal aid through the Federal Transit Administration in a separate tranche of federal aid funding. These funds support both capital (for example things like buses, fare purchasing equipment, depot infrastructure) and operations (labor). The region’s Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) aid can also be “flexed” to the Federal Transit Administration to support defined transit needs.
Some smaller items, like signage and markings, are considered eligible capital purchases and can be purchased with federal highway obligation authority funds. These sorts of purchases do not require the same level of design review, but installation costs must be furnished by the local government—in this case, the Town of Nantucket. Small intersection improvements require design and engineering services. As such, these kinds of projects tend to be better suited to local implementation due to the design and reporting requirements required for state and federal aid projects. The Transportation Program Manager does maintain a list of intersection improvement requests for inclusion in the Long Range Transportation Plan in the event there are opportunities to “bundle” projects together for state and/or federal funding support. The viability of this approach, however, is not guaranteed.
Chapter 90 funds are allocated by the state directly to municipalities based on a funding formula. These funds support roadway improvements and typically comprise a large portion of municipalities’ basic maintenance budgets. The Town of Nantucket (rather than the region) manages these funds.
All land transfers and any transfer of interest, including leases (of 30 years or more including extensions) must be processed through the Land Bank prior to being recorded in our office. Visit their website or call their office at 508-228-7240.
Visit the Registry of Deeds at 16 Broad Street, Nantucket MA. The Registry is open for research Monday through Friday, 8am – 4pm.
If you cannot make it to the Registry, you may send a request by mail.
The request must include:
A cover letter with the book and page or Registered Land document number of the deed or document.
A check made out to the “Nantucket Registry of Deeds” for the exact amount of the transaction.
The cost for copies is $1.00 per page. You may call the Registry at 508-228-7250 if you are unsure of the number of pages in your deed or document.
A self-addressed, stamped envelope for the return of the deed or document to you.
Mail To: Nantucket Registry of Deeds16 Broad Street Nantucket MA 02554
You can locate and print a non-certified copy of deeds and documents online for free by clicking here. Please note the search criteria is automatically set to the Recorded Land Name Search. If your property is Registered Land, click on Search Criteria in the top left corner and click “Registered Land (Land Court) – Name Search”*
* Please note the masslandrecords.com website uses pop-up windows to view, print, and download documents. Your pop-up blocker must be turned off. This is not something our office can help you with.
Click here for a guide on how to use the online database.Important things to remember:
Instructions for Online Orders
When placing an order online, please note the following:
The Registry is open Monday through Friday;
Recording hours are from 8am – 12pm and 1pm – 3:45pm.
Research hours are from 8am -4pm.
Please click here for a complete list of our current fees.
In Massachusetts an Excise Stamp Tax (MGL c.64D, s.1) shall apply to deeds, instruments or writings whereby any lands, tenements or other realty sold shall be granted, assigned, transferred or otherwise conveyed to, or vested in, the purchaser...when the consideration of the interest or property conveyed, exclusive of the value of any lien or encumbrance remaining thereon at the time of sale. There is no excise tax due where the consideration stated is less than $100.00.
The excise tax rate is $4.56 per $1000.00 of consideration, rounded up to the nearest $500. For example: if a consideration is stated as $1,546,300.00, then the deeds excise is calculated using $1,546,500.00 and the total fee would be $7,052.04.
Please note: a separate check is required for excise tax payments.
No. Todas las oficinas del municipio y el condado de Nantucket están cerradas hasta el 18 de mayo del 2020.
No. Many close for the winter. But, there are always restaurants open in the off-season.
Yes. A weekly list is available to take from the office or on the website.
Property owners or their legal representative.
Permit applications for the following year must be received by November 1st of the preceding year. I.e. permit applications for 2024 must be received by November 1, 2023.
$250 per unit.
Renewal applications must be received by November 1st of each year.
All taxes on the properties must be current at time of application. The application fee is $250.
All responsibilities of a STR rental host are enumerated in the town’s Short-term Rental Regulation.
The Town of Nantucket may assess fines for each day that the Short-term rental is in operation until the short-term rental ceases operation or is permitted in accordance with the regulation.
Call the Short-Term Rental Hotline at 508-689-5377.
A general bylaw needs a majority vote (50% or greater) in order to pass.
An STR property will be grandfathered if the owner can:
The status of being grandfathered confers the following:
See above for the limits on contracts during high season (July and August). There are no limits on the number of contracts allowed outside of high season, whether or not the STR is grandfathered.
A property that is sold can then only have 4 changes of occupancy in high season (July and August). And the owner can only operate one STR.
Hosted Stays and Cottage Colonies are not affected by the General Bylaw. They can operate as before, without limits on changes of occupancy, etc.
As mentioned above, if all your STR properties are grandfathered, you may continue to operate them all as STRs. If they are not grandfathered, only one STR is allowed per owner.
Only if the STR property qualifies to be grandfathered. Moving forward, corporations are not allowed to operate new STRs.
A “natural person” is a legal term that simply means a real human being.
Yes, but only when every shareholder, partner, or member of the legal entity is a natural person, as established by documentation provided by the applicant at the time of registration.
STRs may not be operated in any Deed-Restricted unit or in an unrestricted unit in an Apartment Building or Townhouse owned, operated and managed as rental housing unless they meet the requirements for grandfathering.
Any residential, commercial, or municipal property owner or tenant wishing to display a sign exceeding 2’ by 6” in width or a second sign of any size on any lot, building, or structure must apply. Signs that are displayed on a building or a window and are visible from a traveled way (including temporary signs or the relocation or alteration of existing signs) must receive approval from the Historic District Commission.
Freestanding signs are not permitted. The HDC defines freestanding signs to include any sign attached to, or part of a completely self-supporting structure, other than a building or a fence, including rock signs for commercial purposes. Refer to Appendix C for further information.
A political sign is a temporary sign used to advertise candidates for public office or to address public concerns. The HDC encourages political signs to conform to all relevant stated guidelines. The HDC recommends political candidate signs be removed immediately following an election, however signage must be limited to 30 days.
A Non-Commercial sign is generally used to express concerns and political points of view. The HDC encourages non-commercial signs to conform to all relevant stated guidelines.
On occasion non-commercial yard signs gather in visible public spaces throughout the island and on private property. Sometimes the Town is asked to remove these signs however the "simple" answer is that such signs are considered an extension of free speech and are allowed in the public way and on private property. The Town has been advised that the power of the Town to regulate speech in a public way is limited. Due to a 2015 Supreme Court case (Reed v. Gilbert, AZ), a municipality may no longer regulate non-commercial signs based on the content of the message. Public streets and sidewalks are generally recognized as public forums. They are generally considered to be publicly owned areas where individuals have the right to traverse, speak freely, protest and assemble.
No sign shall be installed in a manner or location that obstructs a public way or causes any relevant safety concerns.
The Sign Advisory Council started meeting via Zoom on 06/23/20. They meet every Tuesday at 9:00 am. Participants will receive Zoom and meetings instructions. The link to the meeting will be posted on the Sign Advisory Council agenda. This will be a recorded meeting and is accessible 24 hours by clicking an additional link on the agenda. Participants are strongly urged to attend.
Nantucket is served by the Massachusetts One-Stop Career Center.
You can call 508-771-5627 or 508-771-(JOBS) or visit their website. They offer two ways to file for unemployment insurance (UI Claim), call the UI Teleclaim Center at 877-626-6800 or visit the Career Opportunities Office and file your claim in person. Unemployment insurance services walk-in hours are Monday through Friday 8 a.m. to Noon and the 1 to 3 p.m.
If the General Bylaw passes, a beneficial balance will be established between allowing existing STRs to continue and moderating future growth.
Some key points: All existing STRs will be grandfathered. Corporate ownership of new STRs will be banned. For new STRs there will be a limit of one per person and a maximum of four changes of occupancy will be allowed in high season (July and August).
If the Zoning Bylaw also passes, the legality of STRs on Nantucket (which is already recognized and accepted by the Town) will be further confirmed, and lawsuits against STR owners will be ended.
Primary zoning means that the use is a legal, primary use. Article 2 would establish STRs as a primary use—but only if the STR obeys all the regulations set forth in Article 1.
A zoning bylaw needs a super-majority vote (2/3 or greater) in order to pass.
No. Only STRs that obey all the regulations set forth in Article 1 will be allowed. If Article 1 does not pass, Article 2 will be tabled and not voted upon.
The Town requires the original signed and notarized documents. Please mail them to:
Ken BeaugrandReal Estate Specialist
Housing and Real Estate Office6 Broad Street, Nantucket, MA 02554.
No, the Board of Water Commissioners does not offer full waivers for Covenant Lots. However, Covenant Lots are offered the discounted rate of $2500 for connection.
No, neither the Town nor the Airport will be testing private wells in the project area.
Because the water main expansion project is being funded through the State’s Revolving Fund Loan Program (SRF) there are strict deadlines attached to the project. The Town intends to start construction in the fall of 2023.
As of October 2022, the water main expansion project is estimated to cost $8,212,500:
The Town applied for and received a $7,800,000 State Revolving Fund (SRF) zero-interest loan to assist in funding the water main expansion project which only pays for material and construction. Subsequently, the Town increased this request to $8,300,000 when submitting its updated application and design on October 14, 2022 due to anticipated increase in costs.
This SRF loan does not fund permitting, design, engineering, or other ancillary costs. To fund these costs and the repayment of the SRF loan the Town has appropriated the following funds through Annual Town Meetings and Election:
The Board of Health could require a mandatory hookup if someone has a contaminated well.
The Nantucket Water Department will hold the $2,500 reduced water tie in fee for as long needed. There is no expiration date to tie in at the discounted rate.
TBD. Plans are currently being designed.
The easement plans for this new project are being developed but will not have a specific easement location marked out. It will be similar to the easement plan that was just finished by the Airport water main project on a portion of Skyline Drive. It would be difficult to map out all the laterals that will be run to each property. The design engineers are still determining the side of the street the water line will run and will have final plans completed for the state to review by early November.
The Town will be bringing the water stubs to the edge of every property, and it will be up to the property owner to pay to connect. The Town won’t be doing any work on private property, just in the road layout.
If a property owner in the project area has his/her well tested and PFAS has been detected, the Public Health Director recommends against allowing irrigation wells that are known to have levels of contamination. The Public Health Department would rather the owners abandon the well in its entirety to avoid increasing the PFAS cycle. Installing a filter system on that well is not the answer as the filters will simply concentrate the contaminant, and needs to be handled as hazardous waste, which is expensive.
The road will be reconstructed just like the other section at no cost to the property owners.
Yes, there were be sidepaths (also called “shared use paths”) on Lovers Lane, Okorwaw Avenue, and Monohansett Road measuring 10’ wide. These paths will be separated from the roadway with a landscape buffer of approximately 5’ to improve safety for pedestrians, bicyclists, and other rollers.
The water main and roadway projects are being done in multiple phases:
Phase 1: Water Main Expansion Project (Spring 2023-Fall 2024) The State’s Revolving Fund Loan Program (SRF) dictates the water main project’s strict timeline. This project is technically separate from the roadway reconstruction, drainage, and multi-use path projects underway; however, it does overlap the roadway projects on Lovers Lane, Okorwaw Avenue and Monohansett Road. The Town intends to start construction in the spring of 2023 but as of fall 2022 suppliers have notified that getting materials like pipe and fittings is very difficult so the timeline may have to be pushed out.
Phase 2: Lovers Lane (Fall 2023-Spring 2024) This portion of the project is already in design and partially funded through Article 10 2016 Annual Town Meeting (ATM), Article 10 2017 ATM and Article 10 2018 ATM. The remaining funding will be sought at the 2023 ATM. If approved, the project will start subsequent to the water main project. If the funding is not approved the project will be revisited in future years. Public input gained through the water main expansion’s outreach (Phase 1) will help inform design of this phase.
Phase 3: Okorwaw Avenue (construction TBD). Currently, the project is not funded and only conceptual designs are complete. The Town intends to seek funding at the 2023 ATM to begin this Phase of the project as a continuation of the Lovers Lane project. If approved, the project will start subsequent to the water main project. If the funding is not approved the project will be revisited in future years. Public input gained through the water main expansion’s outreach (Phase 1) will help inform design of this phase.
Phase 4: Monohansett Road (construction TBD) Currently, the project is not funded and only conceptual designs are complete. The Town intends to seek funding at the 2023 ATM to begin this Phase of the project as a continuation of the Lovers Lane project. If approved the project will start subsequent to the water main project. If the funding is not approved the project will be revisited in future years. Public input gained through the water main expansion’s outreach (Phase 1) will help inform design of this phase.
Phase 1, the water main expansion, will result in curb-to-curb paving along Skyline Drive, Nobadeer Way and Webster Road. The Town anticipates trench patching Lovers Lane, Okorwaw Avenue and Monohansett Road during Phase 1.
Phases 2-4, the roadway and sidepath projects, will be repaved curb-to-curb, with additional paving for the adjacent sidepaths, if these projects are funded.
The sections of Okorwaw Avenue and Monohanset Road east and south of the intersection of Okorwaw Avenue and Monohanset Road will remain dirt but will be regraded.
To date $2,534,800 has been allocated to these transportation projects for conceptual design and permitting for all Phases:
A portion of these funds has also been used to advance the Lovers Lane segment (Phase 2) into engineering design. The Town intends to seek and additional $13.0M at the 2023 ATM in hopes of having funding in place to complete the entire project consecutively.
Yes, the Phase 2-4 roadway reconstruction and sidepath projects include engineering drainage solutions for along the entire project area (Lovers Lane, Okorwaw Avenue, and Monohansett Road) as well as for the additional roadways affected by Phase 1 water main project (Skyline Drive, Webster Road, and Nobadeer Way).
The roadway reconstruction and sidepath projects are estimated to cost $15,785,000:
The Town has already appropriated $2,534,800 through Annual Town Meetings:
The Town intends to seek the additional $13.0M at the 2023 ATM in order to complete all Phases of the project consecutively.
A cross connection is a connection between a drinking water pipe and a polluted source. The pollution can come from your own home. For instance, you’re going to spray fertilizer on your lawn. You hook up your hose to the sprayer that contains the fertilizer. If the water pressure drops at the same time you turn on the hose, the fertilizer may be sucked back into the drinking water pipes through the hose. This problem can be prevented by using an attachment on your hose called a backflow-prevention device.The Wannacomet Water Company and the Siasconset Water Department recommends the installation of backflow prevention devices, such as a low-cost hose bib vacuum breaker, for all inside and outside hose connections. You can purchase this at a hardware store or plumbing supply store. This is a great way for you to help protect the water in your home as well as the drinking water system in your town! For additional information on cross connections and on the status of your water systems cross connection program, please contact Wannacomet Water Company at 508-228-0022 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead is a mineral which is found in the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the water we drink. It can be a serious health risk when too much of it enters the body.
Lead rarely occurs naturally in water. Lead may not be in your drinking water, but if it is, it typically enters your water after it leaves your local treatment plant or well. Lead is dissolved in water by corrosion of lead pipe or lead soldered pipe joints commonly found in the water distribution system.
Even if your home contains lead or lead soldered plumbing, you are not necessarily at risk. Over time, mineral deposits may form a coating on the inside of pipes which can prevent water from contacting lead plumbing materials. This coating usually takes years to form, and may not form at all. Lead plumbing materials have been identified as the primary source of lead contamination in drinking water today.
If your home was built after 1986, it is unlikely that your home plumbing system contains any lead. In 1986, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) banned the use of lead pipes and pipe fittings containing more than 8 percent lead, and the use of solder containing more than 0.2 percent lead. Before 1930, lead pipes were commonly used in home plumbing and in the connections between homes and the public water supply. Copper pipes were often joined with lead solder until this practice was prohibited in 1986.
According to the EPA, everyone who ingests lead is susceptible to its effects because it accumulates in the body. At sufficient levels, lead can impair the reproductive and central nervous systems and may interfere with behavioral and emotional development.
In adults, lead can increase blood pressure and interfere with hearing. At high levels of exposure, lead can cause anemia, kidney damage and mental retardation.
Because of their size, children are at even greater risk than adults. Lead can reduce childrens’ IQ, causing them to become slow learners, and it can interfere with the formation of red blood cells. Lead can also delay the physical and mental development of babies and young children and impair the mental abilities of children in general.
The United States EPA sets the standards for what is considered a safe exposure to lead in drinking water. Federal law requires municipal water utilities to monitor tap water lead levels in a percentage of the households they served. Corrosion control treatment must be installed if more than 10% of these households have had levels greater than the action level of 15 parts per billion. Utilities are required to replace lead service lines within the next 15 years if a problem persists. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level goal of zero lead content. This is solely a health goal and is not enforceable on public water systems.
The best way to find out whether your water has lead in it, is to have it tested. Please call the Water Company for a list of approved laboratories in the area that you can call to have your water tested for led.
One precaution is to flush the tap water each morning for about one minute, or until cold, to clear out lead that accumulates overnight. Use only cold water for drinking and cooking. Hot water is more likely to dissolve lead into the water than cold water and may contain more lead as a result.
You may have a leak, your meter may have been misread, you may have simply used more water than normal - especially during the summer months. Customers often times are unaware of how much water they actually use. Please call the Water Company for a review of your account.
Yes, the water meets or exceeds all D.E.P. and E.P.A. standards.
Everyone is billed monthly. If you do not receive your bill, please call the Water Company at 508-228-0022.
Effective 1/1/98, the Town of Nantucket contracted with the Water Company to do the billing.
To prevent your service pipe between the house and meter from freezing during the winter.
The service charge recovers the fixed cost.
A sidepath is a paved linear path that is wider than a sidewalk. Sidepaths support walking, bicycling, and other mobility needs including babystrollers, wheelchairs, and rollerbladers. Typically, sidepaths are separated from traffic by landscape panels to improve safety but follow the general trajectory of an adjacent roadway. In some cases, sidepaths deviate slightly from the roadway based on the presence of streams, trees, and hills. Sidepaths are often referred to as shared use paths or multiuse paths: these terms all have the same meaning.
In 1977, the Town developed a master plan for bicycle facilities (shown in the map below). Residents and planners had the foresight to recognize the value of separating bicycles and pedestrians from vehicular traffic along Wauwinet Road, which has numerous twists, turns, and grade changes. While the vision for walking and bicycling for the island has flourished with the development of numerous paths, the need to address nonmotorists’ safety remains on Wauwinet Road. Beyond safety, Wauwinet Road facilitates access between the northeast corner of the island—encompassing beautiful beaches and conservation land—and the island’s core. These assets generate significant travel demand for nonmotorists and motorists alike. Separating nonmotorists from the vehicular travel path will improve convenience for all road users.
The town was awarded two separate grants from the Federal Land Access Program (FLAP), a program managed by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The FLAP program seeks to improve community access to federally-held conservation properties—in this case, the Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge. The implementation of a path will provide pedestrians, cyclists, and other rollers better access to the main point of embarkation for tours of the refuge.
The first FLAP award was granted in 2016. The federal government committed $283,200 with a local match of $70,800 to support the design of the path. In a second 2018 award, the federal government committed $1,000,000 with a local match of $250,000 to support partial construction of the path between Polpis and Pocomo. In 2019, the Annual Town Meeting approved authorization to borrow $354,000 to support cash flow for the first grant award, intended to fund design services.
The town is working with the Federal Highway Administration to advance design of the path. Once this stage is complete, actual construction costs will be identified and shared on this website. Staff estimates that the grant awards and their local matches will not be enough to fund the path and is exploring additional funding opportunities. For example, Nantucket’s regional NP&EDC applied for an additional $823,050 to support the path’s construction in the 2022 FLAP program cycle.
The design phase of the project will be managed by the Federal Highway Administration’s Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division. Their project management team will coordinate closely with local staff to ensure there are adequate and appropriate opportunities for engagement and review of concepts. The Select Board will need to endorse any design prior to advancing into any construction phase.
Staff is working to execute an agreement with FHWA’s Eastern Federal Lands Division to facilitate kick-off of the project’s design phase. Following this, coordination and design will commence. As of this update, staff anticipate early design to be available in the spring of 2023.
As of this update, there are no formal designs for the path. Staff anticipate early designs to be available in the spring of 2023. During fall and winter of 2022 and spring of 2023, staff will post information about public engagement opportunities. We encourage you to stay involved!
This will depend on ultimate construction costs and the availability of financial resources as well as any necessary easements. If funding is not available to fund implement that path in full following design, staff plans to explore mechanisms to support a phased-implementation approach.
Because no design is complete, the extent of impacts is not fully identified. Staff will work with federal highway, conservation interests, and the town’s Conservation Commission to limit impacts to the greatest extent possible. Where impacts are not avoidable, mitigation will be provided per the regulation and/or the discretion of the town’s conservation commission.
Excited? Concerned? Confused? Please contact Patrick Reed, Nantucket’s Transportation Program Manager for more information.
These FAQs were last updated August 29, 2022.
On August 9, 2019, the Town of Nantucket issued a Request for Proposal (RFP) for the development of municipal solar projects at a variety of Town facilities and properties, including: the Surfside Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), Nantucket Memorial Airport, DPW, Public Schools, Public Safety Facility, Landfill facilities, and Wannacomet Water Company properties.
On January 31, 2020, SunPower was selected as the winning bidder by an inter-department municipal evaluation committee to develop two municipal projects: a small (grant-funded) roof-mounted system at the Surfside WWTP and a larger ground-mounted array at the Wannacomet Water Company property, located at 1 Milestone Road. A third proposed project: a solar carport at the Public Safety Facility, has since been put on hold as the Town prioritizes the Surfside and Wannacomet projects.
In December, 2020, SunPower and the Town executed initial agreements to construct the project at 1 Milestone Road. Over the course of the following two years, many significant changes were made to the project design in order to mitigate potential impacts and mitigate concerns of local stakeholders. Additionally, in June, 2022, TotalEnergies, a broad energy company that produces and markets energies on a global scale, acquired the Commercial and Industrial Solutions business unit of SunPower. As a result of these changes and modifications, new contract amendments were negotiated and approved in December 2022 to construct the projects with TotalEnergies as the successor to SunPower.
TotalEnergies will develop, own, and operate the solar project at the Wannacomet Water Company property, which will provide economic and environmental benefits to Nantucket.
The proposed solar project at 1 Milestone Road is sized at 3.8MW DC, and will consist of two solar subarrays. The southernmost sub-array #1, adjacent to Old South Road, will be comprised of 5130 solar panels. The northernmost sub-array (#2), located adjacent to Milestone Road, will be comprised of 3615 solar panels. Each Maxeon solar panel is rated at 435watt, and considered to be amongst the highest-performing and efficient available.
Over the solar project’s 25-year lifetime, the system is expected to produce 122 million kWh in clean energy and will offset 86,411 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions, helping to mitigate the harmful effects of climate change and elevated sea levels on the island.
Additionally, the locally-produced solar power will improve local grid reliability and resiliency, reduce the island’s dependance on imported power from the mainland including from “dirty” power plants located in disadvantaged communities, and will help to mitigate the need for a costly third-undersea-transmission cable by significantly reducing the island’s summer peak load
Over the 25-year WWCo project contract term, the usable savings for the Town is $6.8 million dollars, or $277,000 in Annual Revenue.
In a formal opinion issued by Town Counsel on February 22, 2021, the Wyer’s Valley Property—acquired and used for water supply purposes—is not subject to Massachusetts Constitution Article 97 protection, and therefore may be used for the leasing of a solar energy project.
The total disturbance of the project is 13.6 acres (10.65 acres inside fence & 2.95 acres outside fenced area for shade management). The site will be cleared using conventional construction methods. Prior to any construction, a storm water pollution prevention plan (SWWPP) will be established to meet all local and state construction regulations. Post construction, TotalEnergies plans to establish a pollinator habitat within the fenced areas when stabilizing top soils.
The Commonwealth’s Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP), a division of the Massachusetts Department of Fish and Wildlife, determined the project will result in a “take” of habitat for six species of moths. Between January, 2021 and June, 2022, SunPower, the Town and the Wannacomet Water Company collaborated with the Massachusetts Department of Fish and Wildlife to evaluate all viable options to mitigate the environmental impact of the project and develop a Conservation management Plan. After 18 months of work exhausting all viable options, including looking at properties owned by the Town, Wannacomet Water Company, the State of Massachusetts and on-island conservation groups, the Massachusetts Department of Fish and Wildlife have provided the option of paying a fee which will be used to enhance the habitat of the species impacted by the project development during the project term, until the site is returned to its existing habitat after the project is removed.
Prior to commencement of construction, TotalEnergies will need to have secured approvals from the Nantucket HDC, National Grid, NHESP, Massachusetts Dept. of Environmental Protection (MassDEP), Wannacomet Water and the Town of Nantucket.
The HDC approved the solar project in November 2020, with the condition of a 50’ natural buffer and screening enhancement plan. See: Wyer’s Way Screening Recommendations Memo (PDF)
The proposed project is being developed in accordance with guidance published by MassDEP for the development of renewable energy projects on lands held for public water supply purposes. To secure the required MassDEP approval for the project, Wannacomet Water will need to sign a certification stating the project “will have no significant adverse impact on its present and future ability to provide continuous adequate service to consumers under routine and emergency operating conditions, including emergencies concerning the contamination of sources of supply, failure of the distribution system and shortage of supply…[and] that the solar energy project will have no significant adverse impact on water quality and that the energy generated by the facility will be used to benefit, either by direct consumption or by other means, the operation of the public water system.”
To support the aforementioned certification, SunPower has supplied Wannacomet Water with toxicity test results for the solar modules, tested by a MassDEP-certified testing agency, pursuant to state and federal standards for Maximum Contaminant Level thresholds, including both PFAs and Gen-x materials.
TotalEnergies is solely responsible for purchasing, maintaining or disposing of any equipment associated with the project. At the end of the 25-year project term, the solar project equipment will be removed from the site and all materials which can be recycled (i.e. solar modules, copper wire, steel support structure) will be. After removal of the project equipment, any disturbed project areas will be stabilized and re-seeded to restore the site to a condition comparable to the existing condition prior to project development.