32. Are there scientific studies where I may find additional information?

Peer-reviewed Scientific Studies Referenced in FAQs

  1. Felizeter, S., McLachlan, M.S. and De Voogt, P., 2012. Uptake of perfluorinated alkyl acids by hydroponically grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa). Environmental Science & Technology, 46(21), pp.11735-11743.
  2. Ghisi, R., Vamerali, T. and Manzetti, S., 2019. Accumulation of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) in agricultural plants: a review. Environmental Research, 169, pp.326-341.
  3. Brown, J.B., Conder, J.M., Arblaster, J.A. and Higgins, C.P., 2020. Assessing human health risks from per-and polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS)-impacted vegetable consumption: a tiered modeling approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(23), pp.15202-15214.
  4. Kim Lazcano, R., Choi, Y.J., Mashtare, M.L. and Lee, L.S., 2020. Characterizing and comparing per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances in commercially available biosolid and organic non-biosolid-based products. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(14), pp.8640-8648. 

Known Research Reports that Investigated PFAS Consumer Products

Report Title: Risk assessment of fluorinated substances in cosmetic products 

Published by: The Danish Environmental Protection Agency, October 2018

Summary: This project is part of the Danish Environmental Protection Agency's chemical initiative, with the aim of assessing consumers' exposure to problematic chemistry. The purpose of the project is to build knowledge of PFAS in cosmetic products and to clarify whether using cosmetic products containing PFAS poses a risk to consumers.

URL: https://mst.dk/service/publikationer/publikationsarkiv/2018/nov/risk-assessment-of-fluorinated-substances-in-cosmetic-products/  

Accessed March 16, 2021

Report Title: Analysis of PFASs and TOF in products

Published by: The Nordic Council of Ministers (regional collaboration, involving Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Åland.), 2017

Summary: This study is a follow-up of a Nordic Risk Assessment Project from 2015 where 29 samples of different household products were analyzed for 22 PFASs. The result of that study showed that all 29 products contained PFASs and that 12 of the 22 PFASs that were analyzed for were detected. The study further analyzed the products in 2015 together with additional analysis of product types known to contain PFASs or suspected to contain PFASs.

URL: https://doi.org/10.6027/tn2017-543  

Accessed March 16, 2021

Report Title: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in consumer products

Published by: The Environmental Science and Pollution Research (ESPR) Journal, February 2015

Summary: This study investigated the PFAS load of consumer products in a broad perspective. Perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids, carboxylic acids and fluorotelomer alcohols were analyzed in 115 random samples of consumer products including textiles (outdoor materials), carpets, cleaning and impregnating agents, leather samples, baking and sandwich papers, paper baking forms and ski waxes.  A diverse mixture of PFASs can be found in consumer products for all fields of daily use in varying concentrations. This study proves the importance of screening and monitoring of consumer products for PFAS loads and the necessity for an action to regulate the use of PFASs, especially PFOA, in consumer products.

URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-015-4202-7  

Accessed March 16, 2021


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1. 31. Is there Glossary and List of Acronyms that are commonly used in PFAS?
2. 32. Are there scientific studies where I may find additional information?